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Natural Resources in Guwahati

Guwahati is blessed with abundance of natural resources including rivers, minerals and forest reserves. Mentioned below are the resources of Guwahati.

River Resource

The main river of Guwahati is the Brahmaputra. It is one of the largest rivers in the world. The river is about 2900 km long. The Brahmaputra River has a total drainage area of about 935,500 sq. km. The Brahmaputra valley lies in the rain shadow of the Himalayas. The environment of the Brahmaputra floodplains have been described as the Brahmaputra Valley semi-evergreen forests ecoregion. The Brahmaputra is an important river for irrigation. Periodic flood of the Brahmaputra helps in maintaining grassland and associated wildlife. Flood also deposits fresh alluvium replenishing the fertile soil in the Brahmaputra river valley.

Guwahati Forests

There are several reserved forests in Guwahati. The reserved forests within the limits of GMC are Hengrabari, Phatasil and Jalukbari. These forests are under the administrative control of the Divisional Forest Office, Kamrup (East) Forest Division. Rani and Garbhanga reserved forests are also located in Guwahati. These reserved forests have a large population of elephants. Deepor Beel in Guwahati is a famous wildlife sanctuary.


Guwahati also has mineral reserves in the form of oil and natural gas. The Guwahati Oil Refinery is located at Noonmati. It has a capacity of 1.00 MMTPA. It produces liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), petrol, kerosene, diesel, furnace oil, coke and so on. Natural gas is a source of power and other chemical by products. There is LPG bottling plants at North Guwahati.

Guwahati Tea

Tea occupies an important place in the resources of Guwahati. In 1970 the tea auction centre was established in Guwahati for the better marketing of tea in the region. This is the world’s largest CTC tea auction centre and the world’s second in terms of total tea.

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