Dipor BeelDipor Beel situated in the southwest part of Guwahati, is a freshwater lake. The lake is considered as one of the largest lakes in the Brahmaputra Valley. In Assamese, ‘bil” means lake and hence the name Dipor Beel. The name Dipor Bil, is derived from two words which are ‘dip’ and ‘Beel’. ‘Dip’ is the Sanskrit for elephant and ‘Beel’ is the Assamese for lake, so both combined makes it Dipor Beel. The reason behind the use of elephant for naming the lake is that in ancient times, lakes used to be the dockyards for the Tai Ahoms and Mug Hals.
Dipor Beel is primarily a major attraction because of its exotic variety of birds that can be found here. The winter season is the best time to visit the place and witness the mesmeric sight of birds present all around the place. As many as 19,000 different kinds of birds can be seen in the place in just one day! Amongst the different species found in Deepor Beel are also a large number of globally threatened species which fall in the category of endangered species. Considering the density of birds in the place, the Birdlife International has declared the place as an important Bird area. In the year 1989, of the total area of Dipor Beel, 4.14 sq.km was declared as a bird sanctuary by the Assam government.
Geography of Dipor Beel:
Dipor Beel and Its Climate:
Dipor Beel and its Biodiversity:
Various types of aquatic vegetation like aquatic grasses, water hyacinth, water lilies and other submerged vegetation can be found in the area and along with it fowl Marshy lands, mud flat, emerged vegetation, water hyacinth patches and net grass land patches can also be seen.
Research has found out that 18 genera of phytoplankton can be found in the area. Some of the names of the aquatic plants found in the area are Eichhomia crassipes, potamogeton crispus, ottelia alismoides, hydrilla verticillata, lemna minor, pistia stratiotes vallisneria spiralis, and ipomoea reptans. A very rare kind of water lily, known as the Euryale ferox found in the lake is said to have earned revenue for the government. Apart from the plants, fauna and flora, other types of aquatic plants, orchids and other medicinal plants are also found in the lakeside.
Utility in Dipor Beel:
Conservation of Dipor Beel:
The site has been recognized as a Ramsar Site by the Ramsar convention in order to take proper conservative measures. In this part of the area, shooting for pleasure and trapping has been prohibited. For effective bird watching by the tourists, towers have been built. This has resulted in more and more tourists.
Best Time to visit Dipor Beel:
The best time to visit Deepor Beel is from October to March.
Contact Details for Information on Dipor Beel:
Divisional Forest Officer
Guwahati Forest Division
AT Road, Santipur
Tel: 0361-2656771 (O), 094350 31789 (M)