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Facts about Guwahati

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Guwahati is the largest city of Assam. It is a metropolis. It is also the largest metropolitan area in Northeast India. Guwahati is the gateway of the Northeast. Dispur, the capital of Assam, is located within Guwahati. Guwahati is situated between the southern bank of the Brahmaputra river and the foothills of the Shillong plateau. Guwahati is considered the major educational and commercial hub of Northeast India. It is also the destination for cultural and sports activities of Northeast India.

Guwahati was called Pragjyotispura in ancient Assam due to astrology being performed here in ancient times.It was the capital of the ancient Assam which was earlier known as Kamrupa. The name Guwahati consists of two Assamese words- Guwa meaning areca nut and haat meaning market, hence the name Guwahati.




Guwahati
















The history of Guwahati goes back to thousands of years. Mention of the Guwahati city is made in ancient puranas and epic. In these scriptures Guwahati has been mentioned as one of the ancient cities of Asia. The Ambari excavations trace the existence of the city to the 6th century AD.
 
Guwahati is the most important trade hub in Northeast India. It is the centre for wholesale distribution, marketing and retail. The major economic activities in Guwahati are trade, transportation and services. Tea contributes a major share to the economy of the city. Oil manufacturing is also an important activity of Guwahati economy. Real estate business has also developed in Guwahati in the past two decades.

The city of Guwahati is blessed with abundance of natural resources including minerals, forest reserves, fertile land and rivers. The main river of Guwahati is the Brahmaputra. It is one of the largest rivers in the world. There are several reserved forests in Guwahati. The reserved forests within the limits of GMC are Hengrabari, Phatasil and Jalukbari.

The climate of Guwahati is moderate. During summer the temperature remains between 20 to 32 degrees Celsius. In winter the temperature ranges between 10 to 30 degrees Celsius.

Guwahati has a very well maintained transportation system and is easily accessible to the rest of India. Guwahati has well connected Air, Rail and Road networks that connects it within the state and the rest of the country.
 
One of the important facts about the Guwahati city is that it is known for its rich traditional and cultural heritage. It is the main centre of cultural activities in Assam. The colourful culture of Guwahati can be seen in its music and dance, art and craft forms, festivals, food and so on. Bihu dance is an important folk dance of Guwahati and of Assam. The most important festivals celebrated in Guwahati are Bihu, Ambubachi Mela, Brahmaputra Beach Festival, Durga puja, New Year, Diwalai, Holi among others. Bihu is the most important festival celebrated in Guwahati. The painting forms, handloom, handicrafts, weaving forms or traditional art forms, portrays the richness of tradition and culture the city has to offer to people. Everything about this city makes it a most sought-after place for which the tourists find it a must to do thing to visit Guwahati.
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